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Public-Private Partnerships (PPP)

El Vedadillo wind farm, 60 kilometres south of Pamplona.

El Vedadillo wind farm is 60 kilometres south of Pamplona. (ABC News: Niall Lenihan)

Enough wind energy is being generated in Spain to power more than 29 million homes every day, according to one of the country’s biggest renewable energy companies.

While Australia debates the future role of renewables after the blackout in South Australia, Spain is determined to remain one of the global leaders in the field.

Spanish firm Acciona gave ABC News access to its control centre in Pamplona where it monitors 9,500 wind turbines around the world on a minute-by-minute basis.

A large screen allows employees to zoom in on specific wind turbines — some up to 17,000 kilometres away in Australia — and determine if the blades are pitched perfectly or if maintenance is needed.

“The important thing is to predict and forecast what is going to happen,” the centre’s director Miguel Ezpeleta said.

‘It’s A Real Situation’

During the night in November last year, wind energy provided 70 per cent of Spain’s electricity needs.

A daytime record was reached in January 2015, when 54 per cent of electricity use was provided by wind.

“It’s incredible. Some years ago people would say we would be crazy people saying these kinds of things, just dreaming but today it’s a real situation,” Mr Ezpeleta said.

But he was adamant the peak of 70 per cent was not the limit.

“I think people are going to tell me we’re crazy but I’m pretty sure we’ll arrive at 100 per cent for one moment for sure,” Mr Ezpeleta said.

The European Union target for 2020 is for Spain to reach 20 per cent of all energy needs, including electricity, heating, cooling and transport using renewable energy.

It is currently at 17.4 per cent — just below that target.

Cradle of Renewable Energy

Every July, thousands of tourists come to Pamplona for the famous running of the bulls.

But the area is also renowned for being the Cradle of Renewable Energy.

It was here the power and possibilities of wind were recognised in the 1980s.

Spain is not rich in oil or gas and has very little coal, so it either imported the resources or began finding other ways to create energy.

Spain’s mix has been very broad. Nuclear power accounts for 20.9 per cent, while natural gas and coal are both just above 15 per cent each.

There is no talk of closing down Spain’s nuclear power stations, but they do want to decrease the amount spent importing fuel from elsewhere.

And that is where wind comes into the picture.

At the El Vedadillo wind farm, 60 kilometres south of Pamplona, the turbine blades spin slowly, casting shadows on the ground.

The nearest village, Falces, earns a third of its yearly budget from the surrounding wind farms.

Its Mayor Valentin Garcia said residents were happy to rely on renewable energy and he could not remember the last time there were any blackouts.

“There’s a very good perception of wind technology because of two reasons,” Mr Garcia said.

“One reason is the economical benefit for the town and the second is we are helping to produce cleaner energies.”

High Power Bills Remain

Critics said renewable energies had not brought down electricity prices in Spain, in fact some suggested they had increased as much as 60 per cent since 2006.

“Every day is getting more expensive. I don’t know if it’s because of the taxes or why,” Falces resident Maria Angeles Verjara said.

One argument is, while wind is cheap, there will always be the need for backups — because wind is unpredictable and keeping other power sources, like Spain’s nuclear power stations, operational is costly.

But Acciona executives disputed those criticisms and director for the Asia-Pacific region Javier Montes said countries should not be discouraged from setting high renewable energy targets.

“Properly managed, there should be no issues with that. The examples in Europe show that,” Mr Montes said.

“The one thing going in Spain’s favour is that the electrical system has been built with the goal of making it very reliable and able to take very heavy knocks with extreme weather events or major technical failures.”

Originally reported by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC).

Remember, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advice and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessment of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and un-knowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries or to Request a Personal Quote Feel Free to Contact :

Mr. Francis Thomas Matthews,
Deputy Global Director, No. 8
Marketing Research & Development Division,
Email : deputy.gd.8@cwiilgroup.eu
Voice : +45.8176.1924
Connect : LinkedIn I Twitter I Facebook I Tumblr

For Queries Specific to the EU Region :
Email : eu@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

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Bears once held in grim captivity in Albania are adapting to a new life in a sanctuary in Kosovo, encouraging many in Albania to create their own safe haven.

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After being tormented in a cage for two years, forlorn brown bear Tomi left Albania and found a new, better home in Kosovo one month ago.

The five-year-old bear who had been kept in captivity in dismal conditions to “entertain” visitors to a restaurant in the north of Tirana has now been rehoused at a sanctuary near Lake Badovc, 21 kilometres from Pristina.

Once described in the international media as the saddest bear in the world, Tomi on Thursday was enjoying playing and catching apples in a green open area of the so-called Animal Forest of Pristina.

“Like no other bear in the centre, Tomi has enjoyed his new home since the first day, always playing and looking content,” Fitore Berisha, a guide in the centre, told BIRN.

Afrim Mahmuti, representative of Four Paws organisation and director of the Pristina animal sanctuary, told BIRN that Tomi and two other bears brought from Albania, called Xhina and Pashuk, were still in the rehabilitation phase.

“They have experienced misery and now their physical and mental health is slowly improving. The three Albanian bears have been kept in critical conditions and isolation for years, so the process is going to be a long ride,” Mahmuti said.

Pashuku, who before coming to Pristina needed a surgical operation to remove an iron chain stuck inside his neck, also seems to be enjoying his new life.

On the other hand, Xhina, another “restaurant bear” from Albania, still seems frightened and nervous. She runs inside her den every time humans approach. The park caretakers hope that she will overcome her anxiety one day.

Three Albanians bears are among 16 rehomed in Kosovo, a country that seems to have had some success when it comes to its bear sanctuary.

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Work on the centre in Pristina started in 2012, after news broke of the grim phenomenon of captured bears being used to entertain people for profit.

The international organisation, Four Paws, entered into negotiations with the government of Kosovo while a foundation was created to manage the centre.

The Pristina Municipality donated free use of 16 hectares for 10 years, while supporting it also by building a nearby road that will bring visitors to the centre.

In its four years of existence, the centre has gathered 19 bears formerly held in captivity, from three to 17 years in age, while employing 16 mainly young people from the Pristina area as staff.

Animal Forest of Pristina Director Mahmuti said the park has become an important tourist destination for Kosovo. During the first nine months of this year alone, around 30,000 people bought tickets to visit it.

“We are not only taking care of the bears but are also organising training with children and young people on how they can protect nature and wild animals. With the help of volunteers from all over Europe, we are helping different campaigns to protect the environment in Kosovo,” he said.

But having the main focus on bears, Mahmuti said they consider it a major success that during 2015 and 2016 no new cases of bears kept in cages in Kosovo were reported.

Albania Learns From Neighbour’s Experience

Albania has a more problematic situation over bears kept in captivity. Around 50 bears are still stuck in various cages all over the country.

“One in six of all Albanian bears is in captivity and this is a very disturbing situation,” Megi Hafizi, from Animal Rescue Albania, ARSA, said.

A delegation from the Albanian Ministry of Environment, the Tirana Municipality and organisations protecting animals and the environment met in Pristina on Thursday to learn lessons on how a similar sanctuary can be set up in Tirana.

In April, the Ministry asked organisations in the region and in Europe to help it set up a shelter for rescued bears.

Some 18 bears were rescued or are in process of being rescued during 2016. The ministry was helped by Four Paws and by local organisations in this task.

But the process of sending bears abroad is costly and creating a sanctuary in Albania is essential if Albania wants to rescue all the bears now stuck in captivity.

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The Albanian Ministry of Environment, Four Paws and Tirana Municipality are now in the process of building a centre. Mt Dajti near Tirana is considered the best location.

“We have identified an area of 17 hectares on Mt Dajti, which is considered a strategic position for creating a centre like that,” Artenisa Peculaj, a specialist from the national agency for protected areas, said.

What is missing is money. Based on the Kosovo experience, more than one million euros will be needed to start a bear sanctuary and the high annual cost is calculated to run to several hundred thousand euros.

The Pristina sanctuary spent 160,000 euros during 2015 on bear food and maintenance alone.

Albanian institutions are hoping to gather enough donations for the creation of this centre, as financing it from the state budget is not an option.

Originally reported by BalkanInsight.

Remember, no issue has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advice and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all investment matters ensures advice based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessment of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and un-knowledgeable investment advice can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialised units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

Mr. Gregor Novak,
Deputy Global Director, No. 11,
Operations Research & Implementation Division,
Email : deputy.gd.11@cwiilgroup.eu
Voice : +45.8176.1946
Social Media : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook

For Queries Specific to the EU Region :
Email : eu@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

For years Rostock’s cross-town link faces unbearable traffic conditions with continuous congestion. This situation burdens the citizens, the local economic development and environment of the whole region. A ring road in the north and south of Rostock was meant to release and improve the situation. To close the bypass the construction of the tunnel seemed to be crucial.

The construction of the tunnel has a great importance for the local economy with regard to a forward-looking and effective road infrastructure. Infrastructure conditions directly influence economic success and attractiveness of the respective location and it means that Warnowquerung strongly contributes to generate economic value for the city and the region. The importance becomes even more obvious as this tunnel was the first project to be designed, build, financed and operated by a private party and it also represents the first German project to be refunded by user finance. In accordance to the contract between the city of Rostock and the project company the duration of the concession was stipulated for 30 years.

Vital for the decision for a private solution was the fact that the project had only be assigned to the Federal Transport Masterplan as subordinated demand. The rededication of the road crossing the river to the responsibility of the city of Rostock represented an essential step for the city to be able to solve the traffic problem on its own behalf and to decide for a the realisation as Public Private Partnership.

Advantages for the city are :

  • Relief of the urban road network as transit traffic can choose the alternative ring road.
  • Traffic targeting the centre of Rostock can be distributed via the appropriate exits on the ring road without passing through the centre.

The new road system of the ring road including the tunnel circling the city centre on both sides of the river creates advantages of location by shorten the travelling time and distances. This strengthens the local economy as the seaport of Rostock and industry that has settled in the interior take advantage as well as tourism in Rostock and surroundings.

In the area of Rostock the river Warnow has the shape of the letter U. The historical city centre is located in the south. Due to these geographical circumstances the existing roads followed the urban structure leading the traffic through the middle of the centre and the surrounding areas. Also, since the city is located very centrally with respect to flows of traffic up to 60.000 vehicles – urban and national traffic- using the route through the centre every day. This volume of traffic leads to continuous congestions and minimized the attractiveness and possibility of development of the city enormously.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advice and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all matters relating to Public-Private Partnerships, (PPP), ensures advise based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessment of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and un-knowledgeable business advise can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

Mr. Gregor Novak,
Deputy Global Director, No. 11,
Operations Research & Implementation Division,
Email : deputy.gd.11@cwiilgroup.eu
Voice : +45.8176.1946
Social Media : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

For Queries Specific to the EU Region :
Email : eu@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

 

The tunnel Warnowquerung in the city of Rostock is the first PPP road project realized under the German F-Model. The establishment of the act of 1994 on Federal Private Road Financing (Fernstraßenbauprivatfinanzierungsgesetz, FStrPrivFinG) represented the legal basis for the project and represented the precondition for participation of user financing of road infrastructure. To realise the project without substantial participation of the German Federal Government the road was rededicated so that the city of Rostock became the project executing and concessioning authority.

Primarily plans for a tunnel under the river of Warnow trace back to the 1960s when they became part of the urban development plan for Rostock. In the year 1992 the tunnel was included into the Federal Transport Network Plan but assigned to projects of further demand and therefore of lower priority. Shortly after the act of 1994 for private sector participation had passed the citizen council of Rostock decided to realise the project as concession under the Public Private Partnership scheme. A tender procedure was launched internationally. It comprised the concession for right of design, financing, construction, operation, maintenance and levy of toll. The French contractor Bouygues Public Traveaux was selected as preferred bidder and accepted the bid. At that time Bouygues already disposed of respective experiences in France and Europe as well as internationally.

As technical solutions to cross the river Warnow different types of bridge and tunnel constructions had been analyzed. Both tunnel and bridges seemed to be feasible from a functional and economic point of view. Still, due to geographical reasons that influenced the slope of the ramps to the construction a tunnel was preferred. Moreover, a bridge would have required the construction of high embankments and close rows of columns. Due to urban planning reasons this solutions seemed less acceptable.

Construction started in December 2001 and operation in September 2003. Looking back to a few years only of experience in private solutions in the road sector in 2006 it becomes obvious that Germany is a latecomer in comparison to other European countries and more than ever on international level.

Remember, no problem has a quick fix solution. Thus, always ensure to consult highly knowledgeable group of professionals whom would provide you with a collective advice, never individual advice. This group advice and approach is unique with CWIIL Group and is based on the overall Management Philosophy of all CWIIL Group Companies.

Consulting CWIIL Group of Companies, for any / all matters relating to Public-Private Partnerships, (PPP), ensures advise based on highest level of knowledge which are given to you by a team of select research-oriented experts whom each will do their own assessment of your matter, and also assess it together, thus ensuring that in case a mistake has been made by one, it will be noticed and corrected even before it is being passed on to you. Receiving incorrect and un-knowledgeable business advise can be disastrous and thus should be avoided.

CWIIL Group of Companies is a global group of multi-specialized units with diversified interests and activities, wherein each company is a separate legal entity registered under prevailing laws in different parts of the world. CWIIL Group of Companies Products, Services, Project and Solutions are in a multitude of Verticals including, but not limited to, Infrastructure, Power, Oil & Gas, Legal, Media, Technology, ITES, HR, Shipping, Aviation, Real Estate, Hospitals, Health and Medicine, Education, Funding & Investment, Business and Legal Consultancy, and Public Private Partnerships, and other CWIIL Group Units, worldwide, to name a few.

For Further Queries Feel Free to Contact :

Mr. Gregor Novak,
Deputy Global Director, No. 11,
Operations Research & Implementation Division,
Email : deputy.gd.11@cwiilgroup.eu
Voice : +45.8176.1946
Social Media : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

For Queries Specific to the EU Region :
Email : eu@cwiilgroup.com , hq@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.com , www.cwiilgroup.eu

For Any / All Other Queries :
CWIIL Group Global Regional Headquarters Denmark,
Address : No. 1, Klokkebjergevej, DK6900 Skjern, Denmark
Voice : +45.5148.3608
Fax : +45.7014.1498
Email : corpcomm@cwiilgroup.eu
Web : www.cwiilgroup.eu
Connect : LinkedIn – Twitter – Facebook – Quora

Office Hours :
Monday to Friday : 10.00 – 17.00 CET.
Saturday : 10.00 – 14.00 CET.
Sunday : Closed.

The Corporate Communications Team would require minimum a fortnight for Reviewing & Responding to Queries, which please note.

 

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